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The state of Uttarakhand lies in north India with the international borders of Tibet and Nepal to its north. It has Himachal Pradesh to its west and Uttar Pradesh to its south. The state was carved out of the hilly parts of Uttar Pradesh in the year 2000. It was called Uttaranchal till 2006 and the new name of Uttarakhand was adopted in 2007. Historically this area had two hill kingdoms of Garhwal and Kumaon, and even today people see themselves as Garhwali and Kumaoni. The northern areas of Uttarakhand are part of the Great Himalayas range, with average heights up to 3000-5000 metres. The famous peaks are Nanda Devi (7816m), Trishul (7120m) and Panchchuli (6910m). Southern Uttarakhand has plains that are part of the Terai foothills, where temperatures are higher and towns more accessible. The state is not industrially developed and tourism is the mainstay of the economy. For the last 7 years, Dehradun, the largest town, has been its provisional capital. It has a well-connected railhead and a small domestic airport.